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ACOG Committee Opinion No. 348, November 2006:


The 2005 edition of William's Obstetrics provides the following
instruction:







The protocol for clamping the cord "immediately after birth" is
included  in a book by Turrentine JE, Clinical Protocols in
Obstetrics and Gynecology, Second Edition, 2003, with the
following instructions:


William Harvey, 1653
Charles White, 1773
Erasmus Darwin, 1801
Textbooks, 1801-1986
Obstetric protocols
Recent reconsideration
Obstetrics 1950
Virginia Apgar, 1953
Apgar et al., 1958
Apgar et al., 1958 more
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But NOTE: Bilirubin only gets into neurons in areas where the blood-brain
barrier has been damaged by anoxia.  This was demonstrated in the experiments
with monkeys on asphyxia at birth.  See Lucey et al. (1964)  Kernicterus in
asphyxiated newborn monkeys.  
Experimental Neurology 9:43-58.
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